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Find Your Stride Glossary of Terms

Have you ever left a medical appointment feeling confused? It can happen easily. Most practitioners go to great lengths to make sure their clients/patients understand the diagnosis, how their problem might have occurred and most importantly what the plan is. However there is usually a lot to take in.

We've been thinking about this at Find Your Stride and thought a glossary of terms might be useful. Below you'll find an alphabetical list of definitions for many of the terms you might hear during your Podiatry appointment. They could be useful if you need a reminder or like to revisit the information that was shared by your practitioner.


Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon is the biggest tendon in the human body. It connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and is used when you walk, run, climb stairs, jump, and stand on your tip toes. The Achilles tendon can withstand a lot of stress, but it is also prone to injury because of the work that it does.

Hallux Valgus

Hallux Valgus or Bunion describes a bony bump that develops on the inside of the foot at the big toe joint. When you have hallux valgus/bunion the big toe drifts toward the smaller toes, which creates a lump on the opposite side.

Lumbar Radiculopathy

Lumbar radiculopathy happens when a nerve in your lumbar spine (lower back) is pinched or irritated. Nerves control feeling and movement in your body. Irritated nerves can cause numbness, burning or tingling.

Nail Surgery

Nail surgery is a procedure performed by Podiatrists to treat ingrown toe nails. It typically involves local anaesthetic (to numb the toe) followed by removal of part/all of the nail. Sometimes a chemical is used afterwards to prevent the nail from growing back.


A neuroma is a benign thickening of a digital nerve leading to the toes. Neuroma can occur throughout the body. In the feet they are most frequently found between the third and fourth metatarsals. We don't know exactly why they happen.

Plantar Fascia

The plantar fascia is a long band of fascia that lies directly beneath the skin on the bottom of your foot. It connects the heel to the front of your foot. It's job is to support the arch of your foot.


Tendinopathy is a general term describing tendon injury or degeneration that is typically characterised by a combination of pain, swelling, and impaired performance.


Verrucae vulgaris, are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Verruca affect most people during their lifetimes. They are most common in children and young adults.

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