top of page
Search

Type 2 Diabetes | Preventing Foot Complications is Key | Find Your Stride | Edinburgh Podiatrist

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects millions of people worldwide, with type 2 diabetes being the most common form of the disease. Complications from diabetes can be severe and even life-threatening, with one of the most common issues being foot complications. In a recent research paper published in the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism journal, Mike Stedman et al. (2023) aimed to quantify the impact of foot complications on mortality outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes and explore how routinely measured factors might modulate that risk.


A foot with a dressing in place
Foot complications are a serious concern for diabetic patients

The study analysed data from 11,806 diabetic patients over a ten-year period, looking specifically at the mortality outcomes of those with and without foot complications. The results of the study were striking, with patients who had type 2 diabetes but no foot complications having a standardised mortality ratio that was only slightly higher than that of the general population. However, for those diagnosed with a foot complication, the mortality risk was found to be double that of those without type 2 diabetes.


These findings highlight the critical importance of early diagnosis and prevention of foot complications in diabetic patients. Foot complications can range from minor issues such as calluses and corns to more serious problems like ulcers and infections. These complications can lead to amputations and significantly impact a person's quality of life. The study by Stedman et al. underscores the need for healthcare professionals to closely monitor diabetic patients for any signs of foot complications and to provide appropriate treatment and care to prevent further complications.


One of the key aspects of the study was the analysis of routinely measured factors that might modulate the risk of mortality in diabetic patients with foot complications. The researchers found that factors such as age, gender, body mass index, and glycemic control all played a role in determining the mortality risk for these patients. Older age, male gender, higher body mass index, and poor glycemic control were all associated with an increased risk of mortality in diabetic patients with foot complications.


The implications of these findings are significant for healthcare providers who care for diabetic patients. By identifying patients who are at a higher risk of mortality due to foot complications, healthcare professionals can tailor their treatment and management strategies to address these specific risk factors. This may include more frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels, foot exams, and interventions to prevent or treat foot complications.


In addition to the clinical implications of the study, the findings also have important public health implications. Diabetes is a growing epidemic worldwide, with millions of people at risk of developing the disease. By understanding the impact of foot complications on mortality outcomes in diabetic patients, public health officials can better allocate resources and develop interventions to prevent these complications and reduce the overall burden of diabetes-related mortality.


In conclusion, the research paper by Stedman et al. provides valuable insights into the impact of foot complications on mortality outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. The study underscores the importance of early diagnosis and prevention of foot complications in diabetic patients, as well as the role of routinely measured factors in modulating the risk of mortality. Healthcare providers and public health officials can use these findings to develop strategies to improve the care and outcomes of diabetic patients with foot complications, ultimately reducing the burden of diabetes-related mortality. The research paper by Stedman et al. is open access and can be read in full here


Find Your Stride!

4 views0 comments

Comments


bottom of page